Guimarães hosted the European Capital of Culture (ECOC) during the year 2012. This study investigates the differences between Portuguese and foreign tourists regarding the main motivations to visit Guimarães and the retained perceived image of the destination. To achieve that purpose, a survey was administered to 390 tourists that visited the city during the cultural event. The results show that tourists who visited Guimarães were relatively young, wealthy, employed and well educated. They were touring around the northern part of the country, which includes an itinerary beginning in Porto, and extended to other important neighboring cities such as Braga or Viana do Castelo. The main motivations to visit the city were the title of ECOC and the associated cultural events and celebrations that took place during 2012, and its historical heritage. Using a factor analysis, the tourists’ perceived attributes of Guimarães were described in four dimensions: “material heritage”, “intangible heritage”, “cultural performance”, and “sport and education”. Although foreigners and nationals perceived the tourism attributes of the city differently, the comparison of the mean scores of the four factors across Portuguese and foreigner tourists reveals that the most valued and least valued factors were common to both groups.
J. Freitas Santos
J. Cadima Ribeiro
(resumo de comunicação submetida para apresentação na conferência ARWTE 2013 - Advanced Research Workshop in Tourism Economics, que decorrerá a 6 a 7 de Junho de 2013 em Coimbra, Portugal)